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During the Early Middle Ages, Italy suffered sociopolitical collapse amid calamitous barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics rose to great prosperity through shipping, commerce and banking, laying down the groundwork for modern capitalism.The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art.(116,347 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate.With around 61 million inhabitants it is the fourth most populous EU member state.If you’re an engineer, check out our Introduction to bots for details.Bots in Telegram will look different from human users: their chat and profile screens have a slightly different UI and they don't have access to all messages by default when added to groups.Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and an Italian civil war.Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil, became a major advanced economy.

Today we’re making another step towards openness by launching a Bot API and platform for third-party developers to create bots.They soon fell victim to conquest by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval.Nevertheless, Italy's commercial and political power significantly waned with the opening of trade routes which bypassed the Mediterranean.

Furthermore, the Italian city-states constantly fought one another, culminating in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries that left them exhausted, with none emerging as a dominant power.

Italian culture flourished at this time, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths.